A vasectomy is a surgical procedure that is performed on men to permanently prevent pregnancy. The procedure involves cutting or blocking the vas deferens, which are the two tubes that carry sperm from the testicles to the urethra. By cutting or blocking these tubes, sperm can no longer be ejaculated and therefore pregnancy cannot occur.
The procedure is typically performed in a doctor's office or clinic and it is done under local anesthesia. The procedure typically takes about 20 to 30 minutes to complete. There are two common methods of vasectomy, one is the conventional vasectomy and the other one is called no-scalpel vasectomy, which is a newer and less invasive method. In the no-scalpel vasectomy, a small puncture is made in the scrotum instead of a surgical incision, and the vas deferens is located and blocked through this opening.
It is important to note that a vasectomy does not affect a man's ability to have an erection or ejaculate. It only affects the ability to fertilize an egg, so it is important to use an alternative form of birth control until a sperm count test confirms the absence of sperm in the semen.
It's important to note that a vasectomy is considered a permanent form of birth control, and it should be considered carefully before making a decision. Although it is possible to reverse a vasectomy, the procedure is difficult and not always successful, so it is important to be certain that you do not want to have children in the future before getting a vasectomy.
It is also important to note that a vasectomy does not protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs), so it is important to use condoms or other forms of protection to reduce the risk of STIs.